The eighth session of the General Assembly of States Parties to the 2003 Convention
With all appropriate sanitary measures due to the world-wide COVID-19 pandemic, 250 delegates representing more than 140 countries...
Launch of “Calligraphy Workshop at the Cafesjian Center for the Arts” Project
Ahead of its opening, the Cafesjian Center for the Arts announces the launch of “Calligraphy Workshop at the Cafesjian Center for the...
The community is an economic, socially-public, closed, self-governing association of cohabiting families and small families based on common land ownership and related responsibilities.It represents the lowest administrative level in(of) social structure. The community is composed of functions and structure.
Structure: It is an integrity of community representatives and autonomous community bodies and consists of 6 components.
Full members of the community. Permanently residing peasants who are taxpayers and have the right of land-utilization and voting in the council of the community.
Incomplete members of the community: temporarily residing peasants who are not taxpayers and do not have the right of land-utilization and voting in the council of the community.
Community meetings: the main organ of community self-government, which solves and regulates the main problems of public life. It has organizational, economic and tax functions, also the function of intrafamily intervention etc.
Community officials (traditionally, headman, village trotter, treasurer, mihrab, tax collector, judges and others). Self-governing administrative body headed by a village headman, who is elected by the community meeting.
Council of Elders: a group of old aged people who are an advisory body of the community management system, supervising public life and customary rights, having an overwhelming number of votes in a community meeting and enjoying the reputation and respect in the village.
The village court: the administrative body, which is elected by the community council, regulates the traditional legal relations between the community representatives, discusses disputable, moral and other issues and makes decisions.
Function: It includes the economic and social spheres of community life and is divided into seven components:
Economic construction function involves such issues as land division, land use (arable land, pasture, mowing, forests, gardens, etc.), water supply (irrigation and drinking water), the organization of agricultural and animal husbandry activities (terms: beginning, process, end; recruitment of community herdsman and night watchman), land distribution to needy families, land leasing and crediting, taxation, construction and restoration of bridges and roads, cleaning of ditches, repair and construction of schools and churches, repair houses of poor families, etc.
The protective function means the peace and security of the community, as well as the construction and repair of the community’s defences.
The function of moral behaviour involves monitoring the norms of family relations (problems of family loyalty, protection from cruel treatment, the hereditary right of the orphan and widow, religious apostasy, etc.).
The festive ritual function includes the organization of calendar holidays, pilgrimages and social sacrifices, memorial days.
Public entertainment function and the function of hospitality includes the invitation of a rope walker, ashugh, the reception of commercial groups of artists, accommodation and hospitality of the community’s guests.